It is not new, we know that everyone has their hobbies or vices driving, vices that are more or less serious and more or less dangerous for safety and for the integrity of the vehicle. Surely you’ve seen more than one circular driver picking up the steering wheel at the bottom or with the seat lying down as if he’s taking a nap …
There is a lot to write about that, but let’s focus on those customs, hobbies or vices that we have and that many times we do not know that they do much damage to our car. Because I do not know if you knew that a gesture as common and seemingly harmless as leaving your hand on the lever of change is harmful to your vehicle.
1. Hands better on the wheel
When we leave the hand resting on the lever of a manual change we are forcing the synchronized of the change and, in the long run, we will end up reducing its useful life. What are we talking about? They are those fabulous little pieces that allow us to make gear changes without having to match the speed of rotation of the motor to change, i.e. we save double clutch. We could say that they are small individual clutches for each speed gearbox.
Depending on how the controls of the change (direct, by rods or by cable) we can see to a greater or lesser extent vibrations and sound in the box of the change when we support the hand on the lever (the cables filter more and it goes more unnoticed). It is not a damage that causes a short-term breakdown, but with the passage of kilometers.
This is a very expensive failure to repair is necessary to make the change and open to change damaged synchronized, which generally will be the fifth or sixth, the longest speed that is the most time we engaged in road and Which suffers the most unnecessary support from our right hand (left for the countries for which it is driven by the left).
2. Let your foot rest on your footrest
Another common practice is to leave your foot on the clutch pedal while we are circulating. And I wonder … what for? The normal thing is because of insecurity, for fear that at any given moment we need to step on the clutch so that the engine will not stop. That makes us stretch the time we keep the foot supported on the clutch pedal and at the end there is forgotten and remains so much time, especially in the city.
And what problem does this vice create? Well, a couple of them, a mechanical one and another one in our physique, because that tension of keeping the foot and leg in tension and semiflexion is not good at all. As for the mechanical problem depends on the age of our car, in the old the collar of the clutch suffered much, but what is that of the collar?
This is a bearing that we push when stepping on the clutch pedal, either through a cable or through a hydraulic circuit to reduce the effort we must exercise. In any case the bearing it does is push the clutch pressure plate to remove the disc and release, i.e. to disengage and switch off the engine gearbox.
If the car is modern collar it does not suffer much because in many cases has a kind safety margin so as not to act until the bearing pedal travel is greater. But in any case you should not put your foot on the clutch pedal because the damage is expensive, as a general rule it is necessary to remove the gearbox to replace the collar or any other part of the clutch (there are cases in which not).
3. Seize the traffic lights to rest
Even worse is the vice of being at a traffic light with the clutch on and I do not want to tell you if you are holding the car with the clutch instead of the brake or flipping impatiently to clutch.
In the first case we are working unnecessarily all the clutch system except the disc, which we will have rotating freely but without any advantage for him. In the following two cases we are also bringing the abuse to clutch disc because it will force you to constantly rub or tugs for the duration of light.
With this mania we greatly accelerated the date of the clutch change, a maintenance that depends a lot on the style of driving and that, fortunately, can be done after 100,000 kilometers. And I say fortunately because it is a repair that is not exactly cheap.
4. Deadly Neutral
It has been said, has been repeated and has returned to say no to put the deadlock on the downhills to save fuel. Unfortunately there are drivers who continue to do so and are not aware of the danger of descending with the car. And the worst thing is you cannot say that from beyond them, because they are not alone on the road and others can pay their recklessness.
In this article, we talk about mechanical safety, not road safety, and it turns out that this dangerous maneuver also endangers the mechanics of your car … if you have automatic transmission.
Select the N or Neutral (neutral) in an automatic change when we are circulating not generate any fault, the problem comes when we turn to select the D. That the change is supposed to be designed to make that step in standing, not moving At 100 km / h (for example).
The transition from standing to bring the shift to the speed at which we are moving is traumatic for a change that thinks only and is not prepared for it. That is why in doing this maneuver a jerk occurs – as if reducing the speed of the clutch loose abruptly – and stress for different parts of the change that can end up giving rise and causing a breakdown.
If repairing a manual gear today is not usually done because it is more cost effective to put another change (from scrapping and there are cases that even new) given the high cost of parts and labor, imagine the invoice that can be prepared If an automatic gearbox is to be opened.
5. Warm up heat, but do it well
That to start the car and leave it five minutes to idle to catch the temperature is something of the last century. It is not bad for the vehicle, but it can be for your health by the gases that are emitted if you do it in a garage, as unfortunately, we see and we suffer many times daily.
Okay heating mechanics, but do not forget that the mechanics of the vehicle is not composed only of the engine. With this maneuver all we do is to let the drive take temperature, so it is no use being five minutes intoxicate your neighbors if then you go flush .
He thinks that the gearbox has not heated during the previous you have made, either the brakes or tires or suspension and dampers either or address. So it is much better roll out slowly and smoothly and without abruptness for a few minutes, so all mechanics and rolling part of the car temperature gets time and do not force any of its elements before reaching its working temperature.
The possible breakdowns are very different if we do not warm up correctly, from operating the change with its cold oil (lack of grease to being more dense), to force the clutch, the brake pads or even to burst a shock absorber for having the frozen oil and Pass quickly through a very pronounced bump.
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6. Beware of saving
Sure you’re tired of reading articles and tips for a more efficient driving, environmental and thrifty, where the base should theoretically file in advance and avoid brusque, but often end up focusing on the law of a march of ten kilometers per hour.
It is assumed that as soon as you begin to move the car you must engage second, third 30, fourth fourth and so on. All very logical apparently, but if we follow this rule, we can find ourselves in the sixth circle almost at idle if our car has a long development. It seems unhealthy.
If we always have the engine working at low speeds we will consume less fuel (although sometimes this is not so true, I have done consumption tests in which I have obtained better records accelerating more under certain circumstances), but we will be doing a disservice to our mechanics.
If we drive in the so – called driver mode will not allow exhaust gases reach the optimal working temperature, which will not fail to work properly particulate filter or EGR valve (if your car takes both elements). You will also have problems of accumulation of soot and the engine will lose optimum pickup.
What’s more, if you are one of those who rush and rush the long marches to the point of generating vibrations at certain times, you know that you can get to spoil the transmissions by those rattles to which you are submitting. It is not a matter of running, but of making the engine work in a logical way that allows you to properly burn the mixture, to let off steam and to get rid of the waste it generates.
7. Calm and technique before the guards lying down
We could not fail to comment on how harmful the speed reducers, bumps, badges, lying guards or whatever you want to call them. Its function is to force us to slow down, but the tendency is to try to pass them as fast as possible to stop the minimum, right?
They are designed to do damage, surely you have suffered in your meat some other than those that, more than a bump, looks like a step. Be that as it is logical is to surpass them at the correct speed, whether legal or, in some cases even more slowly, specifically that allows the integrity of our vehicle.
Here are several behaviors that do a lot of damage to our car, the first and most striking is to go through these reducing ignoring the function for which they were installed, i.e. without reducing speed or, more colloquially pass whole milk. Bad, it’s not good anywhere you look, it’s not good for safety, for your card points or for your vehicle, so you better not do it.
In the car we found several points that suffer with these artificial bumps, tires are the first to take the hit and, although not apparently suffer and grow old before. Suspension and cushioning are also forcing, it is not normal for them to suddenly break, but they shorten their shelf life quickly. As joints, silent blocks and mistreatment take kneecaps and then, over the kilometers, the car vibrates and sounds like a coffee maker because of the play.
Let’s explain what a silentblock is just in case. Said very simply are rubber and metal parts that are used as a union between other parts to dampen noise and vibrations. Where can we find silentblocks? For example, in the anchorages of the engine (the so-called motor blocks) and in the anchor points of the arms of the wheels (trapezes, tirantes, etc.), these are the ones that suffer the most from your excesses in the shoulders.
Passing the side bumpers is a solution (and slowly) if they are abrupt so that the blow does not reach directly and at the same time to the two wheels, if we face diagonally we reduce the impact. Of course, do not always strike first with the same wheel and see compensating.
And of course never enter stopping in one of these projections, if you see that you are past slows everything you can before you get to him, but his foot off the brake before the wheels contact because all you will get will multiply the damaging effect your excess and you ‘ll have the chance to hit low, which may end very, very badly, from a break of any moving part to pierce the crankcase oil waste and end forever the engine of your beloved car.
8. Do not force turns
We have talked about silentblocks and the damage they get in the bumps, but in standing we can also force the steering joints and suspension if we are not careful. Years ago it was rare because the cars had no power steering, but now there are unnecessary over-exertions.
Do you know how? Turn the steering wheel to a standstill with the brake pedaling. Of course, with power steering you can do it without problem and it is possible that you have never driven a car without this system. In cars without power steering it was not used to maneuver like this to avoid effort and to be able to turn with more facility. It was normal to rotate without braking and preferably with the wheels in motion.
Well now we should also do so to reduce the effort of management and its different moving parts. If for comfort you prefer to rotate in stopped, at least do not do it by pressing the brake, thus the wheels will turn more easily and you will reduce the efforts. Ah! and not reach the steering stop (and less hard) if you do not want a one day hear “psssiiiiiii” and spurting red oil by one side the steering sorry loaded.
9. The reservation is not to be spent
The yellow light on the reserve warns us that the fuel tank is almost empty and that we have a minimum of about 50 kilometers to empty it completely and we are thrown. I do not know if you know that if you get thrown in the middle of the road without fuel you can be fined for generating a situation of danger for you and the other users of the road. It is your responsibility and it is not a fault.
A breakdown is what you can do if you play a lot with that little light. It is best tofear it as the wolf and, as lights, start searching for a gas station. With this attitude you will save not only a breakdown and a handful of dollars, will also save you stay more than a Paraguayan hung.
In theory the fuel tank of your car is clean as the paten, just like that of the gas stations in which they refuel and the cisterns of the trucks that supply them. So the fuel that your engine burns should be as beautiful as the one that appears in the announcements of the big oil companies, so much so that you even want to prepare a cocktail of 98 octane.
But the reality is very different and that is why fuel filters are used. The tank is dirty, a dirt that is partly suspended in the fuel but which tends to make a deposit or to remain semi-suspended in the bottom of the tank. So if we play to rush the book begin to drink from those wells.
And if this happens we can plug the fuel filter (s), which will cause the engine to stop and not start again even if you fill the tank. But there is more, this is the cheap breakdown. The fault side is that you are lucky enough that the fuel pump reaches suctioning of the dirt tank and decide to stop (and not infrequently happens). Your turn to call a tow truck to go to the shop and disburse CIENES dollars for not just a few kilometers before refueling.
And finally I did not want to include a tenth point because it seems too repetitive, but the lack of care often suffer tires . It has been written by active and passive, so I will only enumerate and go over these minimal and important cares that many (most) forget completely: check the pressure at least once a month, do not scrub the tires with the Curbs when parking, do not hit them hard against curbs and do not park with one or more wheels halfway up the curb.