It not displayed every day the world’s oldest written document. It is what will now do the Cairo Museum, which will in view of visitors to the site the papyri that some French and Egyptian archaeologists found in 2013. Written in 4500 BC.
How could it be otherwise, the writings do not speak of everyday life of the people or events unimportant, but that explain the process of building the Great Pyramid of Giza, and are a mine of information. If the workers how much they earned, what was the pace of construction, how to work the transport of materials … things like the Red Sea.
In fact, you may again have more news shortly discoveries about building pyramids (archaeological science has made great strides in recent times) but is not expected to be as easy to find even more archaic written documents. The previous physical text is known from 2400 BC, also Egyptian, and most ancient writings with which we begin to appear (or preserved) about 1400 BC.
Turning to the texts for the longest living language
But this has made us think about another matter. Of course, all these documents often contain decipherable only by a few scriptures, scholars and translators who try to translate ancient languages and unknown by humans in 2016. But what contemporary languages have the oldest readable texts of humanity? That is, what are the longest living and different languages on earth are they?
And yes, of course. Make a list of the oldest languages in the world is cheating, for several reasons. The first, because obviously we are talking about the languages that have come to us written in a world in which there are likely to continue to find thousands of documents and hundreds of languages that have not done record.
Also, because no language remains intact forever. It does not occur even among generations, much less between centuries or millennia (and what fun would see us talking to a speaker medieval Castilian). But we can point to those languages that have maintained autonomy from the neighboring languages and that despite its evolution, continue to maintain its original genome of 2,000 or 3,000 years later. What does your intuition tell you? Will the oldest Chinese or Greek? Or maybe Latin or Etruscan?
This Semitic language is now living a second stage of revitalization, thanks to enhanced Zionist movements between the nineteenth and mid-twentieth. Hebrew fell into disuse about 400 AD and was considered a dead language, but later found a huge boost by becoming one of the official languages of the Israeli state. Most Jews today speak a modern dialect of Hebrew, strongly influenced by European languages; however, they can read and translate perfectly the Old Testament or the Torah, the oldest documents found to record the language.
The language preserves the ancient Persian empire and that we talk about modern same in Iran in Kazakhstan, Russia Azerbaidzan or Tajikistan. The modern Persian or Farsi, belonging to the Indo – Iranian languages, found its point of maximum evolution about 800 AD, so many Arab citizens could speak to another in the same region 1,200 years ago and understood with relative ease.
For many years the Persian (ancient, not modern) was the engine of expansion of Muslim culture, it was spoken in many regions and among many Islamic dynasties, and has long been the lingua franca of the western part of the Islamic world and the Indian subcontinent.
Member of the family of Dravidian languages, which includes a number of native languages of southern and eastern India mainly, is one of the languages best preserved of the ancient world , having more or less in the same way from the s. III BC date which have their oldest inscriptions. It is the world ‘s most important Indian language, the 20th most used around the globe.
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If you want to learn to speak like a Viking, Icelandic studies. At that point at least some linguists, who point to the high degree of conservation (or low degree of evolution) idiomatic that over the centuries has shown the people of this land to the north. Icelandic belongs to the family of Germanic languages, northern Germanic group and subgroup of Western Scandinavian, and is the only language in this category that does not have a dialectal variation.
In the respective language, Icelanders have not been influenced by later invaders to Scandinavian settlers, around 1200. As a result of this, and grammatical similarities between modern and ancient grammar, speakers of the era current can read without difficulty written eight centuries ago, although it is true that in the Icelandic a gap between spelling and phonics (historical spelling).
Together with Latvian, is the only Baltic language spoken is preserved today. Interestingly, in ancient writings sometimes it referred to as “Lithuanian” to all Baltic languages in general and many scholars consider the great conservative language (of which are still spoken today) of Indo – European. That is, despite having built an autonomous language of the Indo – European common is the language that is most similar phonetic and grammatically.
It has a large number of dialects for such a small, such as high Lithuanian (aukstaiciai) and Low Lithuanian (Zemaiciai) territory.
Strongly cognate with Bulgarian and Serbo-Croatian, it is one of the many languages that emerged as common Slavic segmentation or Proto – Slavic. He was born in the area now known as Macedonia and spread to the northern towns, trying to convert the Slavic peoples of Central Europe to Christianity. The ancient Macedonian know him today as Old Church Slavonic, and is still used in Christian liturgies.
Its origin remains a mystery, and scholars do not agree about its origin (some dare say even that is akin to the Japanese). It suggests that Basque is related to the Aquitanian language, which stretched between the Garonne river and the Pyrenees, and some simply call archaic Basque. Do know two things, it is Romanesque and is one of the few Non – Indo – European languages that are kept alive (at least bata, a variant introduced by Basque organizations a century ago) in Western Europe.